新型冠状病毒 (2019-nCoV) 为各大学提供的情况说明书

 

新型冠状病毒 (2019-nCoV)

为各大学提供的情况说明书


2020年1月29日刷新

2019年12月下旬在中国武汉,查明爆发了一种新型冠状病毒 (2019-nCoV)。所报道的病例主要集中在中国湖北省武汉市,同时还出现在中国其他城市和国家,澳大利亚的维多利亚州已确认有两个病例。

这是什么病毒?

冠状病毒能使人畜得病。有些冠状病毒能使人患上与普通感冒相似的病,其他冠状病毒则可能引起更严重的疾病,包括严重急性呼吸系统综合症(非典型性肺炎)和中东呼吸综合症冠状病毒(俗称MERS)。

 

中国湖北省所见到的病毒之所以称之为“新型”,是因为其新,爆发前未被发现。大多数被感染者不是住在中国湖北省,就是旅行到了该地。在中国其他省份和其他国家,已经报道了“2019-nCoV”病例。这种病毒很可能来自动物,现在已有证据表明,它可能通过人对人而扩散。

有何症状?

症状包括发烧、咳嗽、喉咙痛或气短。症状发展期最高可达14天。

如果我有学生或教职员工过去14天去过中国湖北省怎么办?

建议所有旅行到中国湖北省的学生和教职员工,都要待在家里,避免去公共场合,包括去大学,直到离开中国湖北省14天后。

建议不要把身体情况良好,到中国其他省份去过,或到有病例报告的其他任何地方去过的学生和教职员工排除在大学之外,除非属于下列情况:

  • 该人已确诊患有新型冠状病毒
  • 该人在过去14天里,曾与已确诊患有新型冠状病毒者发生紧密接触

 

如果你认为学生或教职员工符合上述一项标准,那就请打电话给卫生和民事服务部(DHHS),讨论采取进一步行动,电话号码是: 1300 651 160

要是我有学生或教职员工在中国湖北省或中国其他地方的14天里生病了怎么办?

如果学生或教职员工咳嗽、喉咙痛或气短:

  • 该学生或教职员工就必须紧急排除在学校之外,由医生进行检查。
  • 必要时给学生家长或保护人打电话,告知需要隔离该孩子,进行紧急医疗检查。
  • 如果学校安排学生/教职员工去医疗机构的交通接送,要提前通知曾去过中国,无论这是否含有曾去过湖北省。

如果学生或教职员工有严重症状,如气短:

  • 拨打000,请救护车来,并
  • 告知辅助医护人员曾去过中国,以及这是否包括湖北省。

我们如何帮助防治2019-nCoV扩散?

最好的防御方法,就是练习良好的手部和喷嚏/咳嗽卫生方式。要鼓励所有学生和教职员工都:

  • 用肥皂和水洗手
  • 要咳嗽和打喷嚏,也要对着肘部咳嗽和打喷嚏

我们目前不建议使用口罩,因为截至目前,澳大利亚没有文件记录的病毒扩散情况。

我能到何处获取更多信息?

欲知当前事件的维多利亚州刷新信息,请到访:https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/novelcoronavirus

欲知全国刷新信息:https://www.health.gov.au/news/latest-information-about-novel-coronavirus

欲知国际刷新信息:For international updates: https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/novel-coronavirus

世界卫生组织(WHO)资料:https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus

 

本文已获维多利亚州政府授权并由其发表,地址是:1 Treasury Place, Melbourne.

© 维多利亚州,卫生和民事服务部(Department of Health and Human Services),2020年1月。


ENGLISH TRANSLATION:

 

Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Factsheet for school students and children

 

Last updated 2 February 2020

An outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was detected in Wuhan, China in late December 2019. Cases have been reported predominantly in mainland China, as well as other countries, including confirmed cases in Victoria, Australia.

What is this virus?

Coronaviruses can make humans and animals sick. Some coronaviruses can cause illness similar to the common cold and others can cause more serious diseases, including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

The virus seen in mainland China is called ‘novel’ because it is new. It has not been detected before this outbreak. Most people infected live in, or travelled to, mainland China. There have been cases of 2019-nCoV reported in other countries. It is likely that the virus originally came from an animal, and there is now evidence that it can spread from person-to-person.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms can include fever, cough, sore throat, or shortness of breath. Symptoms can take up to 14 days to develop.

What if my child is well, and is returning to school or early childhood education services after being in mainland China or other countries with cases in the past 14 days?

The following children and students should self-isolate and are advised to stay at home and avoid public settings including attendance at schools and early childhood education services:

  • People who were in Hubei Province until 14 days after they were last in Hubei Province;
  • People who were in mainland China on or after 1 February 2020 until 14 days after they were last in mainland China;
  • Close contacts of confirmed cases until 14 days after last close contact with the confirmed case

Children and students who are well and have travelled to any other areas where there have been reported cases, are NOT recommended to be excluded from schools and early childhood education services unless the following applies:

  • The person is a confirmed case of novel coronavirus
  • The person is a close contact with a confirmed case of novel coronavirus in the past 14 days.

What if my child feels sick now or within 14 days of being in mainland China?

  • Seek medical attention but first place a mask on your child if you have one and call the doctor or hospital before you attend. Tell them your child has been in mainland China.
  • When you get to the hospital or doctor’s clinic, tell them where your child has travelled in mainland China. Ensure a mask is placed on your child before or as soon as you arrive at the medical facility.

If your child has severe symptoms, such as shortness of breath:

  • Call 000 and request an ambulance, and
  • Inform the paramedics where your child has been in China.

How can I help prevent the spread of 2019-nCoV?

Practising good hand and sneeze/cough hygiene is the best defence. The most important actions are:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water
  • Cough and sneeze into your elbow

Where can I get more information?

For Victorian updates to the current incident, go to: https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/novelcoronavirus

For Department of Education and Training updates: https://education.vic.gov.au/about/department/Pages/coronavirus.aspx

For national updates: https://www.health.gov.au/news/latest-information-about-novel-coronavirus

For international updates: https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/novel-coronavirus

WHO resources  https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus

 

 

Authorised and published by the Victorian Government, 1 Treasury Place, Melbourne.

© State of Victoria, Department of Health and Human Services, February 2020.

 

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